It is not know how are when the fraternal organization known as Freemasonry was organically formed, but it is widely speculated that it was formed from the remnants of the stonemasons’ guilds during the Middle Ages. Freemasonry now exists in various forms all over the world, with a membership estimated at around six million, including approximately 150,000 under the jurisdictions of the Grand Lodge of Scotland and Grand Lodge of Ireland, over a quarter of a million under the jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of England and just under two million in the United States.
The oldest document that makes reference to Masons is the Regius Poem, printed about 1390, which was a copy of an earlier work. In 1717, four lodges in London formed the first Grand Lodge of England, and records from that point on are more complete.
PS Review of Freemasonry NEWS
Latest papers published, news, conferences, events. For Freemasons
Masonic Music for Lodge and Chapter
The ORGANIST’S CORNER a place where you listen Masonic Music for Lodge and Chapter. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2013 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
God, the Blazing Star
An examination of the origin of the letter G and the Blazing Star in Masonic ritual and its significance then and to the Freemason today. A paper by Bro. Prof. Dr. U. Gauthamadas, Grand Lodge of India. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2013 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
1813 Revival by Sussex of Restoration Chapter No 1, 1769
History of the Royal Arch in England: although a Lodge name is given in addition to that of the Chapter, the ‘Lodge of Restauration’ never existed. The ‘Restauration Chapter’ was so named in 1795, when it was revived by Grand Chapter. A research paper by RW Bro. Yasha Beresiner LL.B., PM Quatuor Coronati Lodge 2076, United Grand Lodge of England. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2013 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
The Perfect Points of Entrance
The Author has often wondered at parts of our ritual which have no ready explanation, nor any forthcoming, and which are routinely committed to memory and recited when called upon to do so. One such is “The Perfect Points of Entrance” that demonstrate proof of being a Freemason. So he decided to explore how and when this was included in the ritual. A paper by Bro. Prof. Dr. U. Gauthamadas, Grand Lodge of India. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2013 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Special Project 2012 – Freemasonry and Brotherhood
PS Review of Freemasonry presents the Special Project 2012 GRAND LODGE OF FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS OF TURKEYThe Centenary Celebrations 1909-2009 Freemasonry and Brotherhood First International Masonology Simposium23 October 2009, Ankara SELECTED PAPERS In the second half of the 20th Century disciplines like philosophy, sociology, law, psychology and political science have included Freemasonry in their areas of research. Although this happened in distinct aspects, it has become a field of attraction in many universities where research centers have been established to inspect this discipline all over the world. Consequently, the term “Masonology” has been proposed with a meaning of “researching Masonic history by scientific methods”, today, it has turned into “researching Masonry, with all its aspects, by scientific methods”. The purpose here is not to prove that Freemasonry is a science but the concept of Freemasonry is being inspected by many Mason or non-Mason scholars using scientific methods.MW Bro M. Remzi Sanver, Grand Master of the Masons of Turkey Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Freemasons in China: the Portuguese link
This paper advances a new light on the arrival of Freemasonry to China. Normally that event is explained by the arrival of the British to the Chinese East Coast and by the outcome of the two Opium Wars. The author explores an alternative path of the Masonic entrance in China by looking to Macau and to the documented arrival of a ship of the Swedish Company of Eastern India Islands transporting Freemasons with a charter, given by the Grand Royal Lodge of Sweden to held Masonic meetings in any port they board. A paper by W Bro A.M.A. Gonçalves 30°, Luz do Oriente #80 Lodge, Grand Legal Lodge of Portugal. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Alain Bernheim: My Approach to Masonic History
This address was delivered on 26 May 2011 in Sheffield before the members of the Manchester Association for Masonic Research. Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076, London, awarded Alain Bernheim the Norman Spencer Prize twice (1986 and 1993) and he is presently a full member and an Officer of the Lodge. The Scottish Rite Research Society (SRRS) awarded Ill. Alain Bernheim, 33° the Albert Gallatin Mackey Award “for Lifetime Achievement”, a distinction which was awarded five times only since the SRRS was founded and never before to a non-American Brother. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Freemasonry – Uniting Men Even During Apartheid
It is a little known fact that during Apartheid in South Africa there was only one organization permitted to fraternize or socialize with Colored people. This organization was Freemasonry. This paper by Bro. Desmond Lemmon-Warde, Grand Lodge of South Africa, also includes historical documentation. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Geometry and Masonry: Sacred Geometry
A paper by W Bro Harvey Lovewell, Lodge Millaa Millaa #351, United Grand Lodge of Queensland, AU. In this short paper the author has tried to show the interrelationship that exists between freemasonry and geometry, the relationship of the Golden section, Golden mean, or Golden proportion to geometry and masonry. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
The Holy Saints John and Freemasonry
An inquiry into the designation of the Saints John as Patron Saints of Freemasonry by W.Bro. Harvey L. Ward Jr. PM, Schafer Lodge No. 350, Grand Lodge of Florida, Usa Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
The Masonic Ladder and the Great Chain of Being
by Bro. William Steve Burkle KT, 32, Scioto Lodge No. 6, Chillicothe, G.L. of F.&A.M. of Ohio. This paper examines the esoteric symbolism of the Masonic Ladder and will develop the thesis that the Masonic Ladder’s esoteric meaning derives from an ancient concept dealing with the hierarchal ordering of the universe known as the Great Chain of Being. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Mozart and Freemasonry
The life, works and Masonic initiation of Mozart. With a short history of the Austrian Freemasonry at the time of Mozart. A paper by W.Bro. Martin I.McGregor, PM of the Research Lodge of Southland No.415, Freemasons New Zealand. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Freemasonry and Initiation
Through the three degrees of the Blue lodge the candidate has been exposed to Masonic teachings and symbols, taken upon himself solemn obligations, laid to rest his former profane self and set upon a new, more spiritual life. A Personal Transformation through Masonic Ritual. A paper by W.Bro. Ronald J. Watkins PM, Wayfarers Lodge #50, Grand Lodge of Arizona. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Three Uses of Memory in Freemasonry
The Art of Memory in Freemasonry. Why is memory so important to Freemasons? An interpretive aspect of the art of memory. In this brief paper, the author sketches out three interrelated areas in which memory may – whether consciously or inadvertently – be of significance to Freemasons. A short essay by W.Bro. J. Scott Kenney, Burns Lodge No.10, Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia, Canada. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Some Biblical passages in Masonry
The history of the evolution of our Craft supports my argument that many of the Biblical passages in the ritual actually dates from the time around the Enlightenment period to suggest in a subtle way the need to intellectually break free from the stranglehold the Church has on the mind of the time, thus freeing the minds and brought about the flourishing of science and technology that we see today. A paper by W.Bro. Ronald Paul Ng, Lodge of St. George No. 1152, United Grand Lodge of England. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Those Mysterious Pillars: BOAZ and JACHIN.
The most outstanding and manifest features of King Solomon’s Temple are the two stalwart pillars of Boaz and Jachin. As our lodges are a representation of King Solomon’s Temple, what is the meaning of the two pillars? A paper by W Bro William M Larson 33, Portland Lodge #55, Grand Lodge of Oregon. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Atheism and Freemasonry
No Atheist May Be Made a Freemason. This paper illustrates exactly why Freemasonry does not allow atheists to join the Fraternity. There is a universal Masonic requirement of belief in Deity, which is followed by all regular Grand Lodges of the world. A paper by Bro. Joshua L. Rubin, 32, winner of the Pythagoras Lodge of Research Award for Excellence in Masonic Research. Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Freemasonry |The Point Within a Circle
The hidden meaning of this Masonic symbol. The figure representing this symbol contained not only a point within a circle, but also two straight vertical lines touching the sides of the circle. It was explained during the ensuing lecture that these lines represented the two Holy Saints John, namely John the Baptist, and John the Evangelist. This struck me as peculiar to say the least, and I have been trying to figure out this peculiarity ever since….. A paper by Bro William Steve Burkle KT, 32 Follow us on Facebook Twitter Google+ RSS News Feed © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Masonic Symbolism and Vedanta
This essay attempts to project the symbolism of Freemasonry through the vivid imagery of the Upanishads. This paper was awarded the second prize in the annual essay competition conducted by the Grand Lodge of India. Follow us on © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved
Freemasonry: Lyrics of Masonic Songs
Opening Ode Hail! Eternal! by whose aid All created things were made; Heaven and earth Thy vast design; Hear us, Architect Divine! May our work begun in Thee, Ever blest with order be; And may we when labours cease, Part in harmony and peace. By Thy Glorious Majesty- By the trust we place in Thee- By the badge and mystic sign- Hear us! Architect Divine! So mote it be Read more lyrics © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved Follow us on
Islam and Freemasonry
Are Freemasonry and Islam compatible? A paper by W.Bro. Shaikh Hatim Fidahussein Nakhoda PM, Research Lodge St. Michael No. 2933, Singapore, District Grand Lodge of the Eastern Archipelego, UGLE. ….Islam has been much in the limelight these days. I have been diligent in attending to my duties as both, a Mason and a Muslim and have come to realise that Islam and Masonry are indeed compatible. Freemasonry may even be considered complementary to Islam as its principles only go to reinforce a Muslim brother’s own faith; contrary to the misconceptions widely held among my Muslim brethren from various sects. The distrust perhaps arises from the fact that masonic symbols are derived from segments of the Old Testament such as the Temple of King Solomon, which gives the uninstructed world the erroneous impression that masons are Zionists… © 2012 – Pietre-Stones Review of Freemasonry – All rights reserved Follow us on
A Guide for the New Esoteric Freemason
This paper supports that esotericism is a legitimate element of the Freemasonry and exists by design, and that Freemasonry is the inheritor of a great wealth of secret knowledge which has been encoded in our rituals, symbols, and traditions. It argues that many Blue Lodges are not equipped to Mentor the new Mason who expresses esoteric interests in the Craft. This paper also presents a description of what constitutes Esoteric Masonic practice, identifies reading materials (a topical list) for esoteric study, and provides a suggested curriculum (linked to the topical reading lists)which provides the new Esoteric Mason with a thorough course of study.
Freemasonry and the End of Humanism
Is Freemasonry still relevant ideologically, intellectually and philosophically in a postmodern world? A paper by Bro. Darren Lorente, St. Mary Islington Lodge #5451, United Grand Lodge of England.
Alchemical symbolism of the Double-Headed Eagle, one of the most prevalent emblems of the Scottish Rite Freemasonry. A paper by Bro. Gregory H. Peters 32, Burlingame Lodge No. 400, Grand Lodge of California, Ancient & Accepted Scottish Rite in the Valley of Burlingame. A look at the historical usage of the Double-Headed Eagle and an examination of the underlying Alchemical and Hermetic symbolism.
The Misticism of the Royal Arch
The title of this paper does not imply that mysticism is confined in Freemasonry to the Royal Arch alone, and that there is none in the Craft degrees. On the contrary, as the First Principal informs the newly exalted Royal Arch candidate, the degree he has just taken is but a completion of the Third degree in Craft Masonry, thus inferring that the Royal Arch is an integral part of Craft Masonry and, therefore, the conclusion of the latter’s mystical teaching.
Pilgrimage: A Journey Towards Light by Julian Rees
Craft in Spirit Quarterly Column. Julian Rees is the PS Review of Freemasonry Columnist
An exploration of Monastic and Masonic Orders
Three challenging similarities: an exploration of Monastic and Masonic Orders by Bro. Karel Musch, Middelpunt Lodge 280, Grand East of The Netherlands
Survey of Alchemical Symbols in the Lodge of Perfection of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. By W Bro Russell R. Boedeker, 32.
Masonic Humour & Jokes
Do you believe that Freemasonry should be fun? If so then this is the right link for you! Enjoy.
The Working Tools of Freemasonry in a Roman Altar
dated beginnings of the 1st century A.D.Altar of Lucius Alfius Statius. Funerary Monument. Click for detailed description
1872 – An Ancient Masonic Sundial located near Sestrieres, Turin – Italy
The Music of Freemasonry
Listen Masonic Music for Lodge and Chapter, Mozart’s Masonic Music and a Masonic Oratorio by W.Bro. Dimitrije Golemovic, professor at University of Arts in Belgrade, Serbia
The Quatuor Coronati Lodge 2076 EC Education Initiative 2012/13
Quatuor Coronati Lodge, the Premier Lodge of Research in the world, is organising a series of seminars which are intended to encourage, promote and generally enthuse brethren who are interested in learning more about Freemasonry in general and who want to know how to undertake simple research and use primary sources. This will be achieved by a series of lectures, discussion groups and individual assistance where necessary. More details and application form clicking the title of the news
Esotericism of the Game of Chess Related to Freemasonry
by Bro. William Steve Burkle KT, 32°, Scioto Lodge No. 6, Chillicothe, G.L. of F.&A.M. of Ohio. This paper examines the esoteric properties of the Chess Board and the Chess Pieces, identifies the underlying spiritual meanings of the game and reveals the close ties between Chess and esoteric Freemasonry.
The Commission on Information for Recognition: 2012 Report
Read the 2012 report written by The Commission on Information for Recognition after the CONFERENCE OF GRAND MASTERS OF MASONS IN NORTH AMERICA.
The earliest recorded account of Accepted Freemasonry
by R.W.Bro. Yasha Beresiner, PM Quatuor Coronati Lodge #2076 EC. The Importance of Plot’s Natural History Of Stafford-Shire 1686 that contains the earliest recorded account of accepted masonry and is considered the most implicit report on the fraternity available for the period at the end of the 17th century.
The Knotted Rope in Masonic Esoteric Tradition
by Bro. William S. Burkle KT, 32, Scioto Lodge No. 6, Chillicothe, G.L. of F.&A.M. of Ohio. The knotted rope is an ancient Masonic Symbol commonly associated with the Tessellated Border. The Author examines the esoteric characteristics and uses of the knotted rope both in non-Masonic traditions as well as in Masonic tradition.
The Development of the Craft in England in the Last Century
by R.W.Bro. Yasha Beresiner, PM Quatuor Coronati Lodge #2076 EC. A review of Freemasonry in England in the last century is a subject for an entire book. The only logical method to present this brief review is to select some dates of importance in the past 110 years, emphasizing the significance and consequence of the historic events as they occurred in a chronologic sequence.
On the Foundations and Legacy of Quatuor Coronati Lodge of Research
by Bro. Bob James, Discovery Lodge of Research, UGL of NSW & ACT, Australia. The essay explores in detail the context in which Lodge No 2076, Quatuor Coronati, UGLE, was founded and its legacy after 100 plus years as the Premier Lodge of Research. What QC has done, more than any other organisation in the English-speaking Masonic world, is to create an expectation that Masonic research can be, and ought to be conducted with the strictest rules of evidence in mind, but the author argues that this assertion was not always true in the past.
Just released by UGLE: The Future of Freemasonry. Read Report
The United Grand Lodge of England has released a report concerning the state of Freemasonry and its future in England. The Future of Freemasonry report is the first ever independent study conducted by a non-Masonic body. Produced by the highly respected Social Issues Research Centre (SIRC), an independent, non-profit organisation based in Oxford, which conducts research on social and lifestyle issues, socio-cultural trends and provides insight into human behaviour and social relations, the report suggests that, contrary to some misleading commentary, Freemasonry actually demonstrates genuine openness and transparency and it concludes that it is arguably more relevant today than ever before.
Does Freemasonry deal in Spirituality? Vote Poll
New Masonic Poll – Before voting you could read an article at /web/20151227163442/http://lnx.freemasons-freemasonry.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=403
My Own Freemasonry
A personal view of the Masonic Journey and some thoughts on the esoteric aspect of Freemasonry by Bro. Alexandros Tsatsarounos, Philiki Etaireia (Friendly Society) Lodge #24, National G.L. of Greece.
The Spiritual Dimension of Freemasonry
Freemasonry is a secular organization but also a fraternal society that most definitely deals with spirituality, self-knowledge and self-improvement. A paper by Bro. Darren Lorente, St. Mary Islington Lodge #5451, United Grand Lodge of England.
Julian Rees – The Way to the Centre
video in which the author explains Freemasonry as a path of self development.
A.G.Mackey – Selected Writings
edited by W. Bro. Colin Wilson, SLGR, PProvDepGReg (Middlesex), SLGCR, Bishopsgate Lodge, UGLE. The selected writings are from Mackey’s The Book of the Chapter, 1856 and Cryptic Masonry, 1897. Re-typed and placed in chronological order according to how the ceremonies are performed in England and Wales. The writings concern the following degrees: SELECT MASTER, ROYAL MASTER, MOST EXCELLENT MASTER and SUPER-EXCELLENT MASTER.
An exploration of Moral Virtues as applicable to Freemasonry
by Bro. Prof. Dr. U. Gauthamadas, Lodge Prudentia No.369, Grand Lodge of India. A Freemason is informed, during his initiation, that the practices of moral and social virtue are the foundations of Freemasonry that distinguish it from other institutions. However, the terms ?moral? and ?virtue? are used rather loosely today. This paper explores also the concept of moral virtue in Greek, Roman, Christian, Islamic, Vedic, and Buddhist Literature.
The Influence of Kings on Craft Freemasonry
with Especial Reference to Great Britain, by WBro David Barrett, PG Marshall, Grand Lodge of Israel.The essay reviews and clarifies the nature of Royalty’s association with Freemasonry and elaborates on each King in particular as to their contribution.
Point Within a Circle
by RW Bro. Leon Zeldis 33°. A possible cabbalistic explanation. The author is Past Sovereign Grand Commander, Supreme Council of the AASR of the State of Israel.
Historical Origins of the Mark Degree
by WBro David Barrett, PG Marshall, Grand Lodge of Israel.The degree may be seen as an extension of the Fellowcraft Degree and the philosophical lessons conveyed are appropriate to that stage in a candidate’s Masonic development. Today is only conferrable to Master Masons and forms part of a hierarchical organization.
Origins of Royal Arch Masonry in England
video lecture by RW Bro Yasha Beresiner PM Quatuor Coronati Lodge N°2076, London, United Grand Lodge of England.
Nazi Persecution of Freemasonry
view video and read papers about the Nazi-Fascist persecution of Freemasons
Researching Freemasonry in the 21st Century
by Prof. Pierre-Yves Beaurepaire Professeur d’Histoire Moderne Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis. First delivered to the Int’l Conference on the History of Freemasonry. Edinburgh
The Tetragrammaton, the Pentagrammaton, and the Adam Kadmon
by Bro. William S.Burkle KT, 32, Scioto Lodge #6, Chillicothe, G.L. of F.&A.M. of Ohio. During the early 17th Century, there was a resurgence of popular interest in Christian Mysticism in the form of Rosicrucianism, a fusion of Christian and Hebrew mysticism.
Freemasonry and Initiation – Personal Transformation through Masonic Ritual
by W.Bro. Ronald J. Watkins PM, Wayfarers Lodge #50, Grand Lodge of Arizona. Through the three degrees of the Blue lodge the candidate has been exposed to Masonic teachings and symbols, taken upon himself solemn obligations, laid to rest his former profane self and set upon a new, more spiritual life…
40 Ft. Stone Moloch Statue, Worshiped By World Leaders, Including Bush, Clinton, Tony Blair, Bono, and Kissinger Every Year In Mid July at the bohemian grove.
The Cremation Of Care
Bohemian Grove is a 2,700-acre campground located at 20601 Bohemian Avenue, in Monte Rio, California, belonging to a private San Francisco-based men’s art club known as the Bohemian Club. In mid-July each year, Bohemian Grove hosts a two-week, three-weekend encampment of some of the most powerful men in the world.
PS Review of Freemasonry
Senator Barack Obama claimed to be a 32nd Degree Prince Hall Mason!!
This accusation is not surprising, for it answers the question as to how Obama could ascend to the high political office when he apparently has no occult background and no discernible Masonic roots.
Now, you know the truth! He is a Mason! Let us consider the evidence.
NEWS BRIEF: “Obama Criticizes Opponents’ Iraq Votes”, Cephas Library, December 28, 2007
“Today, Prince Hall is a masonic fraternal order whose buildings are clearly marked, members readily identify themselves with rings, bumper stickers, and lapel pins. One of their most famous members, and also a 32nd degree Prince Hall Mason, became a US presidential candidate for 2008. His name is Barack Hussein Obama.”
“Barack Obama, speaking at the Scottish Rite Masonic Center in Des Moines on Thursday, criticized other Democrats’ votes to authorize the war in Iraq. Prince Hall is a first black masonic lodge in the US, named by its founder and master who was the most famous black individual in the Boston area during the American Revolution and through the turn of the nineteenth century.”
Prince Hall Masonry is identical to the the normal white Lodges in their teachings, in their symbolism, and now, in getting one of their own to the point where he could attain the highest political office in the land. For this reason, we show the book, “Hidden Secrets of the Eastern Star”, above, so you can learn the little-known facts of Freemasonry.
But, you say, this source is the only one in which it is reported that Obama is a Prince Hall Mason. You cannot go on only one source. You are right; we have another source, a website dedicated to the election of Senator Obama as President. As you can see, below, this website has the official Obama letterhead.
As you can see from this website, above, the two symbols depicting the Prince Hall Masonry are two very common Masonic symbols:
1) Colored Goatshead of Mendes Pentagram– used strongly by the Eastern Star Masonic organization for women, but also used extensively by regular Masons. This particular pentagram is the most evil symbol in Black Magick Witchcraft!
This symbol is also “carved into the ground” in the street layout of Washington, D.C., as we prove in the video, “Riddles In Stone: The Secret Architecture of Washington, D.C.”!
The Pentagram is also used as a talisman/amulet, for protection! Listen to the explanation given by the “Continental Association of Satan’s Hope” as they describe their pentagram:
“You will find the Satanic Pentagram invaluable and indispensable as you attempt to draw from the infernal power of your Lord Satan! This extremely powerful amulet is the sign of the … summation of all the occult forces! In other words, there is no amulet or talisman more powerful, or even close, to as powerful as the Satanic Pentagram”. (Dr. Cathy Burns, “Hidden Secrets of the Eastern Star”, p. 325)
Now you can understand how gravely important it is that Prince Hall Masonry uses the Satanic Pentagram as one of its major symbols!
Now you know he is a Mason, you can begin to see how Obama could become such an important person in the Illuminati.
2) Standard Masonic Square and Compass with the ‘G’ in the middle
This Obama website invites you to send a message to Barack Obama by sending it to the Prince Hall.
This reality tells us one of the major reasons Obama has risen so quickly so far in his political career. In fact, this information fills in the only missing piece to the puzzle. Because he is a high-ranking Mason, Obama was selected by the Illuminati to become the first black presidential candidate and, some say, the favorite to win in November.
The Illinois Senator has the Trilateral Commission founder as his Foreign Policy adviser and a Skull & Bonesman as his financial adviser because he is, first and foremost, a Mason.
If Senator Obama is planned to be the next President of the United States, he will join a list of Masons since World War II to hold that office, and the fifth in a row!
1) Gerald Ford
2) Ronald Reagan — Made an honorary Mason at the end of his second term
3) George H.W. Bush — Member, Skull & Bones, a secret society steeped in Masonry
4) Bill Clinton — Member of Demolay
5) George W. Bush — Member, Skull & Bones